Tribological behavior of selected Mn+1AXn phase thin films on silicon substrates

Marcus Hopfeld, Rolf Grieseler, Anneka Vogel, Henry Romanus, Peter Schaaf

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

28 Citas (Scopus)


In the last years, Mn+1AXn (MAX) phases came into the focus of functional thin film research. Potential fields of application for MAX phases are structural materials for high temperatures, tribological protective coatings, electrical contacts in aggressive environments, and as sensing materials in sensor technology.This paper focuses on the tribological behavior of Ti3SiC2, Ti2AlN and Cr2AlC phase thin films against a counterpart bearing steel 1.3505. The MAX films are deposited by magnetron sputtering of elemental multilayers and a rapid thermal annealing synthesis. The formation of the MAX phases is investigated by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The reciprocating micro-tribological sliding against steel balls, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy revealed an adhesive wear mechanism for Cr2AlC and Ti2AlN with friction coefficients in the range of 0.30 to 0.70 and 0.15 to 0.50, respectively. The best friction and wear behavior were observed for Ti3SiC2 with a friction coefficient in the range of 0.15 to 0.25. Furthermore, for all MAX phases, hypotheses for the wear mechanisms are formulated.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)286-294
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónSurface and Coatings Technology
EstadoPublicada - 25 oct. 2014
Publicado de forma externa


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