The earliest adobe monumental architecture in the Americas

Ana Cecilia Mauricio, Rolf Grieseler, Andrew R. Heller, Alice R. Kelley, Francisco Rumiche, Daniel H. Sandweiss, Willem Viveen

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

10 Citas (Scopus)


Adobe bricks, or mud bricks, are construction elements which have defined major architectural traditions in the Andes over thousands of years. From Moche pyramids and the ancient city of Chan Chan in pre-Hispanic times, to Spanish casonas of the colonial period and rural houses in contemporary South America, adobe has been a central component in Andean architecture. Discovery of the remains of an early monumental building constructed primarily of adobes at Los Morteros (lower Chao Valley, north coast of Peru) places the invention of adobe architecture before 5,100 calendar years B.P. The unique composition, internal structure, and chronology of the adobes from Los Morteros show the beginnings of this architectural technique, which is associated with El Niño rainfall and the construction of the earliest adobe monumental building in the Americas. We propose that adobe architecture became a major Andean tradition after a long period of technical evolution and experimentation with both shape and composition.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículoe2102941118
PublicaciónProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
EstadoPublicada - 30 nov. 2021


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