The 1999-2000 seismic experiment of Macas swarm (Ecuador) in relation with rift inversion in Subandean foothills

Denis Legrand, Patrice Baby, F. Bondoux, C. Dorbath, S. Bès de Berc, M. Rivadeneira

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

15 Citas (Scopus)


We propose to explain the origin of the double trend in seismicity of the Macas swarm in the Subandean Cordillera of Cutucú (Ecuador) and characterize the corresponding active deformation of that region. For that purpose, seismological and geological data have been used, with the deployment of a temporary seismological array, with geological field observations and image processing. We found that some earthquakes are aligned on a well known NNE-SSW trend corresponding to the orientation of the nodal planes of the reverse focal mechanism of the Mw =7.0 1995 Macas earthquake as for its aftershocks. Nevertheless, many smaller events are aligned on an unexpected NNW-SSE trend inside the Cutucú Cordillera. We interpret these two orientations of the Macas swarm as linked to Subandean basement thrusts inherited from the inversion tectonics of a NNE-SSW trending Triassic-Jurassic rift, which has been uplifted nd partly extruded in the Cutucú Cordillera. The present partitioning of this part of the Subandean deformation is controlled by pre-existing NNE-SSW to NNW-SSE Triassic-Jurassic normal faults that have been subsequently compressed-transpressed and reactivated into reverse faults. Major boundary faults of the rift were NNE-SSW oriented and correspond now to some main Subandean thrusts as confirms the focal mechanism of the 1995 main shock located on the eastern border (Morona frontal thrust) and the orientation of its aftershocks. In the Cutucú Cordillera, the double orientation of present swarm can be interpreted as the result of accommodation of deformation along NNW-SSE pre-existing faults inside the inverted rift system, linked to the motion of the Morona frontal NNE-SSW thrust.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)67-80
Número de páginas14
EstadoPublicada - 6 ene. 2005
Publicado de forma externa


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