Technetium-99m-labeled anti-EGF-receptor antibody in patients with tumor of epithelial origin: I. Biodistribution and dosimetry for radioimmunotherapy

Normando Iznaga-Escobar, Leonel A. Torres, Alejo Morales, Mayra Ramos, Ivette Alvarez, Niuvis Pérez, Roberto Fraxedas, Oscar Rodríguez, Nelson Rodríguez, Rolando Pérez, Agustín Lage, Michael G. Stabin

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30 Citas (Scopus)


Accurate estimation of biodistribution and absorbed dose to normal organs and tumors is important for immunoscintigraphic studies and radioimmunotherapy treatment planning. Methods: Four patients (3 men, 1 woman; mean age 54.8 ± 9.2 yr; range 42-64 yr) were administered 3 mg of anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor (anti-hEGF-r) antibody (ior egf/r3), radiolabeled with 99mTc activity of 39.5 ± 1.1 mCi (range 38.5 mCi-40.7 mCi) by intravenous bolus infusion. After administration, blood and urine samples were collected from three patients up to 24 hr after injection. Whole-body anterior and posterior scans were obtained at 5 min and 1, 3, 5 and 24 hr after injection. Using a computer program, regions of interest were drawn over the heart, liver, spleen, bladder and tumor to measure the activity in the source organs at each scanning time. Time-activity curves for each source organ were then fitted to monoexponential or biexponential functions by nonlinear least squares regression using the flexible polyhedrals method, which adequately fit our data with the correlation coefficient of 0.985 ± 0.013, and were integrated to determine organ residence times. The mean absorbed doses to the whole body and various normal organs were then estimated from residence times and from blood and urine samples using the methods developed by the Medical Internal Radiation Dose Committee. The effective dose equivalent and effective dose were calculated as prescribed in ICRP Publication Nos. 30 and 60. Results: Plasma disappearance curves of 99mTc-labeled anti-hEGF-r antibody were best-fit by a two-compartment model in all patients with a distribution half-life (t(1/2α)) of 0.207 hr ± 0.059 hr (mean ± s.d., n = 3) and an elimination half-life (t(1/2β)) of 13.9 hr ± 2.2 hr. Among the various organs, significant accumulation of the radiolabeled antibody was found in the liver (48.5% ± 4.4%, mean ± s.d.), heart (3.50% ± 0.17%) and spleen (3.1% ± 1.8%) at 5 min postadministration. These values were reduced to 3.2% ± 0.4%, 0.1% ± 0.01% and 0.1% ± 0.1%, respectively, at 24 hr. Mean cumulative urinary excretion of 99mTc-labeled anti-hEGF-r antibody was 4.6% ± 0.6% at 24 hr postinjection. Estimates of radiation absorbed dose to normal organs in rad/mCl administered (mean ± s.d., n = 4) were: whole body 0.017 ± 0.002; gallbladder wall 0.074 ± 0.007; spleen 0.136 ± 0.076; and liver 0.267 ± 0.036. The effective dose equivalent and effective dose estimates for adults were 0.041 ± 0.008 rem/mCi and 0.027 ± 0.004 rem/mCi administered. Conclusion: This feasibility study indicates that 99mTc- labeled anti-hEGF-r antibody (ior egf/r3) can be used safely; this analysis provides a dosimetric framework for future studies. This monoclonal antibody, labeled with 186Re, could possibly permit a successful regional radioimmunotherapy of tumors of epithelial origin.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)15-23
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónJournal of Nuclear Medicine
EstadoPublicada - ene. 1998


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