Tau protein discrete aggregates in Alzheimer's disease: Neuritic plaques and tangles detection and segmentation using computational histopathology

K. Manoušková, V. Abadie, M. Ounissi, G. Jimenez, L. Stimmer, B. Delatour, S. Durrleman, Daniel Racoceanu

Producción científica: Capítulo del libro/informe/acta de congresoContribución a la conferenciarevisión exhaustiva

3 Citas (Scopus)


Tau proteins in the gray matter are widely known to be a part of Alzheimer's disease symptoms. They can aggregate in three different structures within the brain: neurites, tangles, and neuritic plaques. The morphology and the spatial disposition of these three aggregates are hypothesised to be correlated to the advancement of the disease. In order to establish a behavioural disease model related to the Tau proteins aggregates, it is necessary to develop algorithms to detect and segment them automatically. We present a 5-folded pipeline aiming to perform with clinically operational results. This pipeline is composed of a non-linear colour normalisation, a CNN-based image classifier, an Unet-based image segmentation stage, and a morphological analysis of the segmented objects. The tangle detection and segmentation algorithms improve state-of-the-art performances (75.8% and 91.1% F1- score, respectively), and create a reference for neuritic plaques detection and segmentation (81.3% and 78.2% F1-score, respectively). These results constitute an initial baseline in an area where no prior results exist, as far as we know. The pipeline is complete and based on a promising state-of-the-art architecture. Therefore, we consider this study a handy baseline of an impactful extension to support new advances in Alzheimer's disease. Moreover, building a fully operational pipeline will be crucial to create a 3D histology map for a deeper understanding of clinico-pathological associations in Alzheimer's disease and the histology-based evidence of disease stratification among different sub-types.

Idioma originalInglés
Título de la publicación alojadaMedical Imaging 2022
Subtítulo de la publicación alojadaDigital and Computational Pathology
EditoresJohn E. Tomaszewski, Aaron D. Ward, Richard M. Levenson
ISBN (versión digital)9781510649538
EstadoPublicada - 2022
Publicado de forma externa
EventoMedical Imaging 2022: Digital and Computational Pathology - Virtual, Online
Duración: 21 mar. 202227 mar. 2022

Serie de la publicación

NombreProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
ISSN (versión impresa)1605-7422


ConferenciaMedical Imaging 2022: Digital and Computational Pathology
CiudadVirtual, Online


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