Stereo camera visual SLAM with hierarchical masking and motion-state classification at outdoor construction sites containing large dynamic objects

Runqiu Bao, Ren Komatsu, Renato Miyagusuku, Masaki Chino, Atsushi Yamashita, Hajime Asama

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

14 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

At modern construction sites, utilizing GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) to measure the real-time location and orientation (i.e. pose) of construction machines and navigate them is very common. However, GNSS is not always available. Replacing GNSS with on-board cameras and visual simultaneous localization and mapping (visual SLAM) to navigate the machines is a cost-effective solution. Nevertheless, at construction sites, multiple construction machines will usually work together and side-by-side, causing large dynamic occlusions in the cameras' view. Standard visual SLAM cannot handle large dynamic occlusions well. In this work, we propose a motion segmentation method to efficiently extract static parts from crowded dynamic scenes to enable robust tracking of camera ego-motion. Our method utilizes semantic information combined with object-level geometric constraints to quickly detect the static parts of the scene. Then, we perform a two-step coarse-to-fine ego-motion tracking with reference to the static parts. This leads to a novel dynamic visual SLAM formation. We test our proposals through a real implementation based on ORB-SLAM2, and datasets we collected from real construction sites. The results show that when standard visual SLAM fails, our method can still retain accurate camera ego-motion tracking in real-time. Comparing to state-of-the-art dynamic visual SLAM methods, ours shows outstanding efficiency and competitive result trajectory accuracy.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)228-241
Número de páginas14
PublicaciónAdvanced Robotics
Volumen35
N.º3-4
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2021
Publicado de forma externa

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