Sedimentary evolution of a Late Triassic salt giant and a synchronous carbonate unit between the Peruvian Andean Cordillera and the Brazilian Amazonian foreland

Emilio Carrillo, Roberto Barragán, Christian Hurtado, Ysabel Calderón, Germán Martín, Elizabeth Mariño, Luis Sarmiento, Ariana Rivera, Yaniel Misael Vázquez-Taset, Lluís Fontboté, Silvia Rosas

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

3 Citas (Scopus)


Salt giants with mixed evaporites/carbonates are sedimentary systems poorly understood in terms of sequence stratigraphy, tectonic control, and related natural resources. To improve the knowledge of these systems, a sedimentology study of a Late Triassic salt giant between the Subandean fold-thrust belt (SFTB) of Peru and the Brazilian Amazonian foreland (AF) was performed on the pre- to postsalt deposits using field observations, thin-section descriptions, and well-log analysis. In addition, this study was compared with sedimentary observations of Upper Triassic carbonate successions from the Subandean-Cordillera transition zone (SCTZ) documented in previous works. This resulted in the following sedimentary events associated to a relative sealevel fluctuation: first transgression, regression, and second transgression. In the SFTB and AF, during the first transgression, continental/transitional siliciclastic environments with sporadic marine incursions allowing the development of salt ponds were formed first. Subsequently, a salt basin surrounded by a mudflat was established. At the end of the first transgression, carbonate deposits dominated. During the subsequent regression, a sulfate platform was established followed by a salt basin enveloped by mudflats and exposed areas. This regression terminated with the development of a central mudflat and an increase of the exposed areas. In the second transgression, carbonates and an eastward mudflat with gypsum ponds dominated the sedimentation. In the SCTZ, external-platform to deep-basin carbonates dominated the sedimentation during the three events. Based on this evolution, eustatic oscillations of the global oceanic level, and structural features published in previous works, it is interpreted that the deposition of the studied salt giant and external carbonates were controlled by thermal sagging and eustatic sea-level oscillations. The available data suggest the existence of a westward migration of the subsidence from the Norian (mid Late Triassic) to the Triassic-Jurassic boundary that may be caused by slab steepening. Hydrocarbon reservoirs and stratabound, sediment-hosted Cu-Ag and Zn-Pb ore deposit occurrences are also partly controlled by the evolution of the mixed evaporite/carbonate sedimentary system in the region between the SCTZ and the AF.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)123-150
Número de páginas28
PublicaciónAAPG Bulletin
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene. 2023


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