Scaling leaf respiration with nitrogen and phosphorus in tropical forests across two continents

Lucy Rowland, Joana Zaragoza-Castells, Keith J. Bloomfield, Matthew H. Turnbull, Damien Bonal, Benoit Burban, Norma Salinas, Eric Cosio, Daniel J. Metcalfe, Andrew Ford, Oliver L. Phillips, Owen K. Atkin, Patrick Meir

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28 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Leaf dark respiration (Rdark) represents an important component controlling the carbon balance in tropical forests. Here, we test how nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) affect Rdark and its relationship with photosynthesis using three widely separated tropical forests which differ in soil fertility. Rdark was measured on 431 rainforest canopy trees, from 182 species, in French Guiana, Peru and Australia. The variation in Rdark was examined in relation to leaf N and P content, leaf structure and maximum photosynthetic rates at ambient and saturating atmospheric CO2 concentration. We found that the site with the lowest fertility (French Guiana) exhibited greater rates of Rdark per unit leaf N, P and photosynthesis. The data from Australia, for which there were no phylogenetic overlaps with the samples from the South American sites, yielded the most distinct relationships of Rdark with the measured leaf traits. Our data indicate that no single universal scaling relationship accounts for variation in Rdark across this large biogeographical space. Variability between sites in the absolute rates of Rdark and the Rdark : photosynthesis ratio were driven by variations in N- and P-use efficiency, which were related to both taxonomic and environmental variability.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)1064-1077
Número de páginas14
PublicaciónNew Phytologist
Volumen214
N.º3
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 may. 2017

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