Representaciones sociales de la historia, guerra y política en América Latina, Europa y África

Elza Techio, Magdalena Bobowik, Darío Páez, Rosa Cabecinhas, James Liu, Elena Zubieta, Agustín Espinosa

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

9 Citas (Scopus)


This study analyzes how people perceive world history on three continents: Latin America, Europe and Africa. A total of 1179 university students form Argentina, Brazil, Peru, Portugal, Spain, Guinea-Bissau, and Cape Verde were asked to evaluate world events and leaders in terms of their valence and importance. The results demonstrated that social representations of history show a Euro/North American-centric, long-term positive evaluation, recency, and sociocentric bias. Euro/North American-centric events and leaders were found to be rated as more important and were more positively perceived in general. Distant political events, like French or American Revolution, were considered to be more positive than XX century similar events, which supports the long-term positive evaluation bias hypothesis. The hypothesis on recency bias was partially substantiated. Confirming the existence of such bias, World War II was rated as more important than the previous XX century wars and revolutions. Socio-centric bias also received partial support. African participants rated Mandela as a more important leader than other participants did. Latin Americans rated Che Guevara less positively, which suggests that some leaders are generally idealized icons, not based on group belongingness. However, results did not bring support to the centrality of war hypothesis. Wars were indeed negatively evaluated and World War II was rated as an important and negative event. Nevertheless, war- and politics-related events were not perceived as more important than the Industrial Revolution, suggesting that people appraise the importance of long-term socioeconomic factors of history when responding to close-ended quantitative measures (vs. open-ended salience measures). Results are discussed in the framework of social representations of history.

Título traducido de la contribuciónSocial representations of history, wars and politics in Latin America, Europe and Africa
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)11-26
Número de páginas16
PublicaciónInternational Journal of Social Psychology
EstadoPublicada - ene. 2010

Palabras clave

  • History events
  • Leader world
  • Social representation

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