Rainfall-Runoff Modeling Using the SCS-CN Method and Geographic Information Systems in the Huallaga River Basin, Peru

Pablo Leonardo Quispe-Ramos, Eusebio Ingol-Blanco, Jesus Abel Mejia-Marcacuzco

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo de la conferenciarevisión exhaustiva


Surface runoff is one of the most important processes of the hydrological cycle and it is the main water source for different users in a river basin. However, its dynamics have been substantially influenced by natural variability and probably by climate change. On the other hand, in Peru, one of the fundamental problems related to water is the lack of information on the water availability of many hydrological units located both in coastal and the Amazon basins, considering the influence of a changing climate in the next decades. Therefore, this research evaluates the surface runoff in the Huallaga river basin, using the curve number (CN) method coupled to geographic information systems that contributes to decision-making, planning and prediction of direct runoff. In general, the methodology includes the analysis of vegetation cover, soil types, geomorphology, digital elevation model (DEM), consistency analysis and evaluation of historical records in pluviometric and hydrometric stations, analysis of satellite images, development of the model coupled to geographic information systems, calibration and validation model, and daily flow prediction. For the meteorological data analysis, 40 rain gauge stations and records available from Peruvian Interpolated data of the SENAMHI’s Climatological and hydrological Observations (PISCO) were used. PISCO has a high spatial resolution of 5 km x 5 km. Likewise, daily flow records from 04 hydrometric stations distributed along the Huallaga River were used for calibration and validation model, and a simple method to separate the base flow was used. The results shows that the model provides reasonable estimates of daily direct runoff that can help improve decisions in water resources planning and management in Peru’s basins.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)2940-2949
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónProceedings of the IAHR World Congress
EstadoPublicada - 2022
Publicado de forma externa
Evento39th IAHR World Congress, 2022 - Granada, Espana
Duración: 19 jun. 202224 jun. 2022


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