Production of cement in Peru: Understanding carbon-related environmental impacts and their policy implications

Ian Vázquez-Rowe, Kurt Ziegler-Rodriguez, Jara Laso, Isabel Quispe, Rubén Aldaco, Ramzy Kahhat

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

37 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Cement production is one of the main drivers of the construction sector worldwide. While cement demand has plateaued in many developed nations recently, several emerging and developing economies have experienced important increases in demand. This is the case of Peru, a nation with a growing economy and a high demand for seismic-resistant infrastructures and housing. Recent estimates have shown that cement is responsible for approximately 5–10% of worldwide anthropogenic CO2 emissions, of which more than half are linked to the production of clinker, due to the use of fossil fuels and direct clinkering emissions. To face this concern in the Peruvian context, producing a more sustainable product with improved environmental performance, it is necessary to first understand the environmental profile of current production standards. Therefore, this study analyzed the environmental impacts, specifically climate change, of cement production in three relevant national cement plants to identify the main greenhouse gas mitigation strategies throughout the whole supply chain. Three different types of cement produced in the three different plants were analyzed: ordinary Portland cement, cement with added natural pozzolan and cement with added blast furnace slag. Life Cycle Assessment was used to quantify the GHG emissions linked to the production of one standard bag of cement. Although results were in the lower range as compared to the literature, these varied significantly across the cement plants, reaffirming that Portland cement tends to have higher global warming impacts than when blended cement is produced, although the energy carrier for the kiln or the import of clinker can have an influence on the final results.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)283-292
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónResources, Conservation and Recycling
Volumen142
DOI
EstadoPublicada - mar. 2019

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