Processing and characterization of porous structures from chitosan and starch for tissue engineering scaffolds

Javier Nakamatsu, Fernando G. Torres, Omar P. Troncoso, Yuan Min-Lin, Aldo R. Boccaccini

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

131 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Natural biodegradable polymers were processed by different techniques for the production of porous structures for tissue engineering scaffolds. Potato, corn, and sweet potato starches and chitosan, as well as blends of these, were characterized and used in the experiments. The techniques used to produce the porous structures included a novel solvent-exchange phase separation technique and the well-established thermally induced phase separation method. Characterization of the open pore structures was performed by measuring pore size distribution, density, and porosity of the samples. A wide range of pore structures ranging from 1 to 400 μm were obtained. The mechanisms of pore formation are discussed for starch and chitosan scaffolds. Pore morphology in starch scaffolds seemed to be determined by the initial freezing temperature/freezing rate, whereas in chitosan scaffolds the shape and size of pores may have been determined by the processing route used. The mechanical properties of the scaffolds were assessed by indentation tests, showing that the indentation collapse strength depends on the pore geometry and the material type. Bioactivity and degradation of the potential scaffolds were assessed by immersion in simulated body fluid.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)3345-3355
Número de páginas11
PublicaciónBiomacromolecules
Volumen7
N.º12
DOI
EstadoPublicada - dic. 2006

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