Overcoming the limits of legal opportunity structures: LGBT rights' divergent paths in Costa Rica and Colombia

Bruce M. Wilson, Camila Gianella-Malca

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

12 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Costa Rica and Colombia, two of the earliest Latin American countries to protect many LGBT rights, attempted to amplify those rights and litigate same-sex marriage (SSM) in mid-2000s; however, these attempts sparked a major anti-LGBT backlash by religious and conservative organizations. Yet a decade later, Colombia legalized SSM while Costa Rica still lacks the right to SSM. Using a most-similar systems comparative case study, this study engages the judicial politics literature to explain this divergent outcome. It details how courts, while staying receptive to many individual LGBT rights claims, deferred SSM legalization to popularly elected branches. In spite of the lack of legislative success in both countries, in Colombia a new litigation strategy harnessed that deference to craft a litigated route to legalized SSM. In Costa Rica, the courts' lack of conditions or deadlines has left SSM foundering in the congress.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)138-163
Número de páginas26
PublicaciónLatin American Politics and Society
Volumen61
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 may. 2019
Publicado de forma externa

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