Natural and induced tolerance in an immune network model

Kalet León, Jorge Carneiro, Rolando Peréz, Enrique Montero, Agustin Lage

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

11 Citas (Scopus)


It has been proposed that the immune system can be partitioned into central and peripheral immune systems. Recently, Carneiro et al. (1996a, b) proposed a network model incorporating B and T lymphocytes that explicitly accounts for that partition. This model, however, had some limitations that are tackled here. Two main changes were introduced: the average idiotypic connectivity is now an explicit function of time based on empirical evidence; and the activation of T lymphocytes by antigen is described by a log-bell shaped dose response curve. The new model, which also accounts for the CIS and PIS distinction, shows more reasonable results since the frequencies of tolerant, immune or autoimmune responses to an antigen are now correct. The model provides a new interpretation for tolerance induction during the neonatal period, and for the adult tolerance induction by low or high doses of antigen. It predicts that natural tolerance for antigens available during the neonatal period can be kept indefinitely upon their removal, while tolerance induced in the adult stages is rapidly lost upon transient removal of the antigen. A semiquantitative analysis of the model provides a simple explanation for the different results in terms of the frequency at which a limited set of canonical connectivity structures emerge during ontogenesis.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)519-534
Número de páginas16
PublicaciónJournal of Theoretical Biology
EstadoPublicada - 7 ago. 1998
Publicado de forma externa


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