Modelling T-cell-mediated suppression dependent on interactions in multicellular conjugates

Kalet León, Rolando Peréz, Agustin Lage, Jorge Carneiro

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

57 Citas (Scopus)


Tolerance to peripheral body antigens involves multiple mechanisms, namely T-cell-mediated suppression of potentially autoimmune cells. Recent in vivo and in vitro evidence indicates that regulatory T cells suppress the response of effector T cells by a mechanism that requires the simultaneous conjugation of regulatory and effector T cells with the same antigen-presenting cell (APC). Despite this strong requirement, it is not yet clear what happens while both cells are conjugated. Several hypotheses are discussed in the literature. Suppression may result from simple competition of regulatory and effector cells for activation resources on the APC; regulatory T cells may deliver an inhibitory signal to effector T cells in the same conjugate; or effector T cells may acquire the regulatory phenotype during their interaction with regulatory T cells. The present article tries to further our understanding of T-cell-mediated suppression, and to narrow-down the number of candidate mechanisms. We propose the first general formalism describing the formation of multicellular conjugates of T cells and APCs. Using this formalism we derive three particular models, representing alternative mechanisms of T-cell-mediated suppression. For each model, we make phase plane and bifurcation analysis, and identify their pros and cons in terms of the relationship with the large body of experimental observations on T-cell-mediated suppression. We argue that accounting for the quantitative details of adoptive transfers of tolerance requires models with bistable regimes in which either regulatory cells or effectors cells dominate the steady state. From this analysis, we conclude that the most plausible mechanism of T-cell-mediated suppression requires that regulatory T cells actively inhibit the growth of effector T cells, and that the maintenance of the population of regulatory T cells is dependent on the effector T cells. The regulatory T cell population may depend on a growth factor produced by effector T cells and/or on a continuous differentiation of effector cells to the regulatory phenotype. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)231-254
Número de páginas24
PublicaciónJournal of Theoretical Biology
EstadoPublicada - 21 nov. 2000
Publicado de forma externa


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