Humanization of predicted T-cell epitopes reduces the immunogenicity of chimeric antibodies: New evidence supporting a simple method

Lourdes Roque-Navarro, Cristina Mateo, Josefa Lombardero, Geraudis Mustelier, Alicia Fernández, Katya Sosa, Sherrie L. Morrison, Rolando Pérez

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

53 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Genetic engineering has provided several approaches to reduce immunogenicity of murine antibodies. We described previously a new method based on the humanization of the linear epitopes presented to T cells. In brief, potential immunogenic epitopes in the variable region were identified and subjected to point mutations to make them human and/or to modify amphipatic motifs. The resulting recombinant antibody retained its antigen binding affinity and was less immunogenic in monkeys than their murine or chimeric predecessors are. The present study provides two new examples of this T-cell epitope humanization approach: ior-t1A murine monoclonal antibody (mMAb), which recognizes the human-CD6 molecule, and ior-C5 mMAb, which recognizes a novel glycoprotein expressed on the surface of malignant colorectal cells. Seven amino acids were substituted in ior-C5 and eleven residues in ior-t1A, by the corresponding residues from the highest homologous human sequences. Surprisingly, the homology between re-shaped chimeric antibody variable region frameworks and human sequences was 80-90%. Experiments in monkeys showed that T1AhT and C5hT "detopes" antibodies were less immunogenic than their chimeric analogues while they retained 30-50% of antigen binding affinities. The proposed method might be of general applicability to reduce immunogenicity of chimeric antibodies with therapeutic potential.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)245-257
Número de páginas13
PublicaciónHybridoma and Hybridomics
Volumen22
N.º4
DOI
EstadoPublicada - ago. 2003
Publicado de forma externa

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