Explaining the Effect of Education on Health: A Field Study in Ghana

Ellen Peters, David P. Baker, Nathan F. Dieckmann, Juan Leon, John Collins

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

64 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Higher education (or more years of formal schooling) is widely associated with better health, but the underlying causes of this association are unclear. In this study, we tested our schooling-decision-making model, which posits that formal education fosters intellectual ability, which in turn provides individuals with enduring competencies to support better health-related behaviors. Using data from a field study on formal education in 181 adults in rural Ghana, we examined health-protective behaviors related to HIV/AIDS infection, a critical health issue in Ghana. As expected, individuals with more education practiced more protective health behaviors. Our structural equation modeling analysis showed that cognitive abilities, numeracy, and decision-making abilities increased with exposure to schooling, and that these enhanced abilities (and not HIV/AIDS knowledge) mediated the effects of education on health-protective behavior. Research and policy implications for HIV prevention efforts in sub-Saharan Africa are discussed.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)1369-1376
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónPsychological Science
Volumen21
N.º10
DOI
EstadoPublicada - oct. 2010
Publicado de forma externa

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