Education as Flourishing: Self-Determination Theory in Schools as They Are and as They Might Be

Richard M. Ryan, Johnmarshall Reeve, Haya Kaplan, Lennia Matos, Sung Hyeon Cheon

Producción científica: Capítulo del libro/informe/acta de congresoCapítulorevisión exhaustiva

9 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

In the perspective of self-determination theory the central aim of education should be that of enhancing students’ flourishing. Flourishing involves not only the development of cognitive capacities but also capacities for agency, prosocial relationships, and psychological wellness. Strong evidence within self-determination theory, reviewed herein, shows how teaching styles that support students’ basic needs for autonomy, relatedness, and competence foster these aspects of flourishing, enhancing the quality of students’ engagement, learning, and social relationships. Also highlighted are how students’ motivation and agency reciprocally influence teachers’ tendency to be need supportive, such that interventions on both sides of the teacher-student relationship can enhance learning climates. Nonetheless, this body of evidence concerns optimizing need supports within existing school environments, which too often remain mired in policies, practices, and omnipresent evaluations that are not designed for student flourishing, and which instead often harm both students’ and teachers’ well-being and motivation. The chapter’s conclusion includes a call to broaden the criteria by which schools are evaluated to include process as well as outcome targets. Creating the best schools we can imagine entails the assessment and cultivation of what really matters (i.e., process targets) to student flourishing in both their present and future lives.

Idioma originalInglés
Título de la publicación alojadaThe Oxford Handbook of Self-Determination Theory
EditorialOxford University Press
Páginas591-618
Número de páginas28
ISBN (versión digital)9780197600078
ISBN (versión impresa)9780197600047
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene. 2023
Publicado de forma externa

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