Economic inequality is linked to biased self-perception

Steve Loughnan, Peter Kuppens, Jüri Allik, Katalin Balazs, Soledad de Lemus, Kitty Dumont, Rafael Gargurevich, Istvan Hidegkuti, Bernhard Leidner, Lennia Matos, Joonha Park, Anu Realo, Junqi Shi, Victor Eduardo Sojo, Yuk yue Tong, Jeroen Vaes, Philippe Verduyn, Victoria Yeung, Nick Haslam

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

111 Citas (Scopus)


People's self-perception biases often lead them to see themselves as better than the average person (a phenomenon known as self-enhancement). This bias varies across cultures, and variations are typically explained using cultural variables, such as individualism versus collectivism. We propose that socioeconomic differences among societies-specifically, relative levels of economic inequality-play an important but unrecognized role in how people evaluate themselves. Evidence for self-enhancement was found in 15 diverse nations, but the magnitude of the bias varied. Greater self-enhancement was found in societies with more income inequality, and income inequality predicted cross-cultural differences in self-enhancement better than did individualism/collectivism. These results indicate that macrosocial differences in the distribution of economic goods are linked to microsocial processes of perceiving the self.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)1254-1258
Número de páginas5
PublicaciónPsychological Science
EstadoPublicada - oct. 2011
Publicado de forma externa


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