Early Morning Equatorial Ionization Anomaly From GOLD Observations

F. I. Laskar, R. W. Eastes, C. R. Martinis, R. E. Daniell, N. M. Pedatella, A. G. Burns, W. McClintock, L. P. Goncharenko, A. Coster, M. A. Milla, W. Wang, C. E. Valladares, M. V. Codrescu

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During geomagnetically quiet and solar minimum conditions, spatial variations of the early morning thermosphere-ionosphere (TI) system are expected to be mainly governed by wave dynamics. To study the postmidnight dynamical coupling, we investigated the early morning equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) using Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) measurements of OI-135.6 nm nightglow emission and global navigation satellite system (GNSS)-based total electron content (TEC) maps. The EIA structures in the OI-135.6 nm emission over the American landmass resemble, spatially and temporally, those observed in the GNSS-TEC maps. The early morning EIA (EM-EIA) crests are well separated in latitude and mostly located over the middle of South America during October–November. In February–April the crests are less separated in latitude and predominantly located over the west coast sector of South America. Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere eXtension (WACCMX) simulations with constant solar minimum and quiet-geomagnetic conditions show that EM-EIA can occur globally and shows properties similar to longitudinal Wave 4 pattern. Thus, we propose that EM-EIA is driven by dynamical changes associated with the lower atmospheric waves.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículoe2019JA027487
PublicaciónJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
EstadoPublicada - 1 jul. 2020
Publicado de forma externa


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