Comparison of ozone and chlorine in low concentrations as sanitizing agents of chicken carcasses in the water immersion chiller

Marco Antonio Trindade, Marta Mitsui Kushida, Nilda D.M. Villanueva, David Uenaka Dos Santos Pereira, Celso Eduardo Lins De Oliveira

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

19 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the use of chlorine or ozone as sanitizing agents in the water of chicken immersion chilling, using the residual levels usually applied in Brazil (1.5 ppm), comparing the effects of these treatments on the microbiological, physicochemical, and sensory characteristics of carcasses. Chicken carcasses were chilled in water (4°C) with similar residual levels of ozone and chlorine until reaching temperatures below 7°C (around 45 min). The stability of carcasses was assessed during 15 days of storage at 2 ± 1°C. Microbiological, surface color (L*, a*, b* parameters), pH value, lipid oxidation (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances index), and sensory evaluation (on a 9-point hedonic scale for odor and appearance) analyses were carried out. The presence of Salmonella was not detected, coagulase-positive staphylococci counts were below 102 CFU/ml of rinse fluid, and Escherichia coli and total coliform counts were below 105 CFU/ml of rinse fluid until the end of the storage period for both treatments. Psychrotrophic microorganism counts did not differ (P < 0.05) between chlorine and ozone treatments, and both values were near 109 CFU/ml of rinse fluid after 15 days at 4±1°C. pH values did not differ between treatments (P < 0.05). In addition, neither chlorine nor ozone treatment showed differences (P < 0.05) in the lipid oxidation of carcasses; however, the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances index of both treatments increased (P≤ 0.05) during the storage period, reaching values of approximately 0.68 mg of malonaldehyde per kg. Samples from both treatments did not differ (P < 0.05) in their acceptance scores for odor and overall appearance, but in the evaluation of color, ozone showed an acceptance score significantly higher (P < 0.05) than that for the chlorine treatment. In general, under the conditions tested, ozone showed results similar to the results for chlorine in the disinfection of chicken carcasses in the immersion chilling, which may indicate its use as a substitute for chlorine in poultry slaughterhouses. © International Association for Food Protection.
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)1139-1143
Número de páginas5
PublicaciónJournal of Food Protection
Volumen75
EstadoPublicada - 1 jun. 2012
Publicado de forma externa

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