TY - JOUR

T1 - Chemical pattern formation induced by a shear flow in a two-layer model

AU - Vasquez, Desiderio A.

AU - Meyer, Jeff

AU - Suedhoff, Hans

PY - 2008/9/8

Y1 - 2008/9/8

N2 - We study chemical patterns arising from instabilities in reaction-diffusion-advection systems under the influence of shear flow. Turing pattern formation without shear flow can occur in an activator-inhibitor system as long as the diffusivity of the inhibitor is larger than the diffusivity of the activator. In the presence of shear flow, a homogeneous steady state can become unstable even if this condition is not satisfied. Chemical patterns arise as a result of this instability. We study this instability in a simple system consisting of two layers moving relative to each other. We carry out a linear stability analysis showing the onset of the instability as a function of the relative speed between the layers. We solve numerically the nonlinear reaction-diffusion-advection equations to obtain these patterns. We find stationary, oscillatory, and drifting patterns extending along each layer. We also find regions of bistability that allow the formation of localized structures. The instability is analyzed in terms of Taylor dispersion.

AB - We study chemical patterns arising from instabilities in reaction-diffusion-advection systems under the influence of shear flow. Turing pattern formation without shear flow can occur in an activator-inhibitor system as long as the diffusivity of the inhibitor is larger than the diffusivity of the activator. In the presence of shear flow, a homogeneous steady state can become unstable even if this condition is not satisfied. Chemical patterns arise as a result of this instability. We study this instability in a simple system consisting of two layers moving relative to each other. We carry out a linear stability analysis showing the onset of the instability as a function of the relative speed between the layers. We solve numerically the nonlinear reaction-diffusion-advection equations to obtain these patterns. We find stationary, oscillatory, and drifting patterns extending along each layer. We also find regions of bistability that allow the formation of localized structures. The instability is analyzed in terms of Taylor dispersion.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=51849126866&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevE.78.036109

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevE.78.036109

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:51849126866

SN - 1539-3755

VL - 78

JO - Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics

JF - Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics

IS - 3

M1 - 036109

ER -