Análisis predictivo del desempeño académico en niños peruanos: el rol del control intencional y el agrado hacia la escuela

Pedro Alfaro-Cárdenas, Marisut Guimet, Martín Malaspina

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva


Introduction. In Peru, there are few studies that include individual differences between stu-dents to explain their academic performance at the beginning of formal schooling. For that reason, the aim of the present study was to predict the perceived academic performance of a group of students based on the following variables: effortful control (EC) and school liking (SL). Method. A sample of 423 students, between 5 and 8 years old (M = 6.29, SD = 0.89), was gathered from public schools in socioeconomically disadvantaged areas in Lima. A total of 45 teachers gave information about their perceptions regarding the study variables in their re-spective students. Results. The hierarchical linear regression analysis results show that both effortful control and school liking are positive and significant predictors of perceived academic performance, even after controlling for students’ cognitive skills and their mothers’ educational level. Discussion and Conclusion.

Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)291-310
Número de páginas20
PublicaciónElectronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology
EstadoPublicada - set. 2022

Palabras clave

  • Academic performance
  • Early childhood education
  • Effortful control
  • Peruvian children
  • School liking

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