A New Smith Predictor Motor Control System to Reduce Disturbance Effects Caused by Unknown Terrain Slopes in Mobile Robots

Aissa Mehallel, Luis Mérida-Calvo, Raúl Rivas-Perez, Vicente Feliu-Batlle

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Accurate trajectory tracking is a paramount objective when a mobile robot must perform complicated tasks. In high-speed movements, hardware-induced delays may produce overshoots and even instability when controlling the system. In this case, Smith predictor controllers can be used because they are well suited for delayed processes. This paper addresses the accurate positioning of a mobile robot on a terrain of an unknown slope. This slope produces disturbance torques of unknown amplitudes in the robot actuators that yield a steady-state error in the positioning. Because our actuators are integrating plus time delay plants, the standard Smith predictor cannot remove these disturbances. This paper proposes a modification of this control scheme in order to remove these disturbances yielding a zero steady-state error in the actuators. Our new scheme is compared with other modified (Formula presented.) existing in the literature by means of simulations. These simulations show the superior performance of our scheme in the sense of removing the steady-state error more efficiently (i.e., faster) than other schemes. Finally, the performance of our control scheme is tested experimentally in a low-cost mobile robot.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo46
PublicaciónActuators
Volumen13
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - feb. 2024
Publicado de forma externa

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