Women’s and men’s role in culture of honor endorsement within families

Esther Lopez-Zafra, Noelia Rodríguez-Espartal, Manuel Miguel Ramos-Alvarez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


In this article, we analyze the patterns of culture of honor within Spanish families. Each member of 271 Spanish four-member families (parents and two children each, total N = 1084) completed a questionnaire containing scales for the culture of honor and for sociodemographic variables (gender, order born and age). The results show that intra-family similarities emerge. However, path analyses show that the gender and birth order of the child are relevant in predicting this similarity. In particular, the first-born child converges with their mother to a higher extent than the father regardless of their gender. However, for the second-born child both parents instill their ideas about culture of honor in a gender congruent way (father–boy and mother–girl). Furthermore, there are higher similarities within younger families, indicating a stronger influence from parents to children. Results are discussed in view of social role and gender social learning theories.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-88
Number of pages17
JournalEuropean Journal of Women's Studies
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2020


  • Birth order
  • culture of honor
  • family
  • gender
  • path analyses


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