Structure and properties of perovskites for SOFC cathodes as a function of the A-site cation size disorder

A. Ecija, K. Vidal, A. Larrañaga, A. Martínez-Amesti, L. Ortega-San-Martín, M. I. Arriortua

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Abstract

The structure, electronic conductivity and electrochemical properties of the oxide perovskites with the Ln0.5M0.5FeO 3 - δ composition (Ln = La, Sm; M = Ba, Sr) are studied in the context of their possible use as cathode materials for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs). The main objective of the work is to analyse the influence of the A-site cation size disorder (σ2(r A)) on the properties of these compounds. The A-site cation size disorder of these samples varies from 0.0286 to 0.089 Å2, whilst the doping (x) and the average ionic radius of the A-site cations () are fixed to 0.5 and ~ 1.30 Å, respectively. The samples are prepared using the glycine-nitrate method. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) shows that all of the compounds have rhombohedral symmetry (space group: R-3c). The structure is highly dependent on σ2(rA); the lattice parameters and unit cell volume decrease with decreasing σ2(rA). All of the samples have a porous microstructure with fine grain sizes (100-250 nm). The electrical conductivity (σ) measurements on the bulk samples shows a strong dependence on the A-site cation size disorder. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements of the cathodes on the yttria-stabilised zirconia (YSZ) electrolyte-based symmetrical cells indicate that the lowest polarisation resistance value is observed for the sample with the lowest σ 2(rA). The effect of introducing a samarium doped ceria (SDC) interlayer between the best performing cathode and the electrolyte is also studied. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)14-21
Number of pages8
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume235
StatePublished - 25 Feb 2013

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