STRENGTHENING OF DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES IN THE PERUVIAN RAINFOREST IN THE FACE OF DEBRIS FLOW THROUGH A VULNERABILITY APPROACH

Luis Izquierdo-Horna, Angelica Sánchez-Castro, Jose Duran

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Disaster risk management (DRM) is a social process, which aims to prevent, reduce and periodically control disaster risk factors in society, taking into account both national and international policies, strategies and actions. In Latin America and the Caribbean, 25 countries aim to reduce risk, Peru is one of them with 1,535 provincial and local governments that have DRM instruments, however, in the Peruvian rainforest, there is a notable lack of these, meaning the population does not know what to do in an emergency situation. Of the multiple hazards to which Peru is exposed (i.e., earthquakes, mass movements, rainfall, etc.), 18% of these are debris, sludge and avalanche flows. Because of this, it is important to strengthen DRM strategies, specifically in the Peruvian rainforest, through an intercultural approach to reduce the level of social vulnerability to the debris flow. These strategies have to align with the Sendai Framework (2015-2030) and, at the same time, respond to the specific characteristics of each place due to the multicultural and multilingual nature of each sector. Therefore, this research proposes a holistic review for the improvement of vulnerability reduction strategies in social terms, with special emphasis on the intercultural dimension. In order to study the vulnerability factor, the conditions of exposure, fragility, and resilience were analysed, as well as urban centres, vital lines and services, poverty levels, socioeconomic fragility, and social organization levels. Finally, administrative decision-making, policy organization and implementation must respond to this cultural diversity and their capacities to cope with the adverse effects of disasters need to be strengthened.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRisk Analysis, Hazard Mitigation and Safety and Security Engineering XIII
EditorsSantiago Hernandez, Fabio Garzia, Mara Lombardi, Andrea Fabbri
PublisherWITPress
Pages113-122
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781784664831
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes
Event13th Conference on Risk Analysis, Hazard Mitigation and Safety and Security Engineering, RISK/SAFE 2022 - Virtual, Online, Italy
Duration: 12 Oct 202214 Oct 2022

Publication series

NameWIT Transactions on the Built Environment
Volume214
ISSN (Print)1743-3509
ISSN (Electronic)1746-4498

Conference

Conference13th Conference on Risk Analysis, Hazard Mitigation and Safety and Security Engineering, RISK/SAFE 2022
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityVirtual, Online
Period12/10/2214/10/22

Keywords

  • Peru
  • debris flow
  • disaster risk management
  • disaster risk strategies
  • vulnerability index

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