Monica G. Arana-Puse, Fanny L. Casado

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The large biodiversity of Peru presents many opportunities and challenges regarding proper characterization of plant and animal toxins. In addition, there are naturally occurring sources of heavy metals that raise some concerns. Man-made activities such as illegal mining activities, lead in paint and combustibles commercialized until 2004, agricultural overuse of fertilizers and pesticides, urban particulate pollution from aging cars, and improperly disposed residues from urban waste, fisheries, and the metal-mechanic industry represent hotspots of concern regarding occupational and population-wide exposures. Most regulation is coordinated by the Ministry of Environment or the Ministry of Health. One undergraduate and one graduate degree in Toxicology is offered by Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInformation Resources in Toxicology, Volume 2
Subtitle of host publicationThe Global Arena
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780128216118
ISBN (Print)9780128216125
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • Peru
  • aquaculture
  • illicit drugs
  • mining
  • solid waste
  • toxicology
  • toxins
  • urban pollution


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