New features of the ECH control system on DIII-D and impact of power modulation on collector loading

Antonio Torrezan, Dan Ponce, Yuri Gorelov, Mirela Cengher, John Lohr, Claudia Parisuaña

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


In order to increase the reliability and improve the availability of electron cyclotron heating (ECH) and current drive during a plasma shot, an adaptive gyrotron command generator has been designed and implemented in all gyrotron systems on the DIII-D tokamak. This adaptive real-time generator is able to detect imminent faults, including gyrotron body overcurrent faults that can develop in a few microseconds, block faults, and restart RF generation within 10–30 ms, faster than the DIII-D energy confinement time. The adoption of this adaptive generator has substantially improved the performance of a depressed-collector gyrotron with recurrent body current faults, and has assisted the ECH system to achieve a record reliability of 95% during the last experimental campaign. The impact of power modulation on the collector loading of a depressed-collector gyrotron has been experimentally studied using calorimetry and collector maps taken by a diagnostic developed in-house. While lowering the modulation duty cycle kept the collector power constant as a result of low beam-wave efficiency during the modulation low state, an observed power redistribution inside the collector increased the peak collector power density, which reached levels above the manufacturer power density limit for low duty cycles.
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)486-490
Number of pages5
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2019

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