Mass balance of cenozoic andes-amazon source to sink system—marañón basin, Peru

Gérôme Calvès, Ysabel Calderón, Christian Hurtado Enriquez, Stéphane Brusset, William Santini, Patrice Baby

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6 Scopus citations


We investigate the mass balance of the Cenozoic Andes-Amazon source to sink system using rock uplift proxies and solid sedimentation of the Marañón Basin in Peru. The evolution of sedimentation rates is calibrated with regional structural restored cross-section. The quantification of eroded sediments from reliefs to sedimentary basin is achieved with ×10 Myr resolution and compared to present day proxies from the HYBAM (HYdrologie et Biogéochimie du Bassin Amazonien) Critical Zone Observatory. Erosion of the early Andean landforms started during the Upper Mesozoic period, but sediment rates significantly increase during the Neogene. This is in agreement with the calibrated increase of rock uplift in the Andean orogenic belt.

Original languageEnglish
Article number167
JournalGeosciences (Switzerland)
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Andes
  • Cenozoic
  • Erosion
  • Marañón Basin
  • Mass balance
  • Peru
  • Sedimentation rate
  • Source to sink


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