Local and systemic toxicity of h-R3, an anti-epidermal growth factor receptor monoclonal antibody, labeled with 188osmiun after the intracerebral administration in rats

Barbara Gonzalez Navarro, Angel Casacó Parada, Pio Alvarez, Avelina Leon, Edilis Santana, Ana Bada, Rene Figueredo, Normando Iznaga-Escobar, Rolando Perez

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5 Scopus citations

Abstract

h-R3 is a humanized anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibody (MAb). This receptor is over-expressed in the majority of tumors of epithelial origin, including glioblastomas. 188Rhenium ( 188Re) constitutes an ideal radionuclide for imagining and radioimmunotherapy, and its toxicity is known, nevertheless, it is unknown if 188Os, as 188Re's daughter, has any local or systemic toxicity effect when it is administered intracerebrally for treating intracranial tumors. For this reason we decided to assess the toxicity of stable 188Os once the complete decay of 188Re has occurred, by administering intracerebrally to rats the h-R3 labeled with 188Os. Forty rats (20 each sex) were distributed randomly into four experimental groups (ten per group): control group received 5 μL of glucoheptonate solution vehicle; two other groups were treated with unlabeled or labeled h-R3 with 188Os. The remaining group served as a non-treated control group. A single 5 μL dose (2.5 μL into each lateral ventricle) of neutral solution containing 50 μg of h-R3 labeled initially with 13.25 μCi of 188Re was stereotactically administered into lateral ventricles 8 days after the conjugation with the radionuclide was done. Each animal was observed daily for detection of toxicity signs. Body weights were recorded on days 0, 7 and 14. Blood samples for analysis of hematological and clinical chemistry parameters were taken on days 0 and 14. Necropsy and histopathological studies were carried out at the end of the study. All animals gained weight by day 14. There were no changes in hematological and clinical chemistry, but minimal histopathological changes were observed at the application sites. This study shows that single doses of 188Os-h-R3 is tolerable and causes minimal local and no systemic toxicity effects in rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-319
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental and Toxicologic Pathology
Volume56
Issue number4-5
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cancer treatment
  • h-R3
  • Monoclonal antibody
  • Osmium
  • Rhenium

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