Lifestyle and Purchase Intention: The Moderating Role of Education in Bicultural Consumers

Iliana E. Aguilar-Rodríguez, Leopoldo G. Arias-Bolzmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

This research is the first to analyze the relationship between lifestyles and purchase intentions in first-generation bicultural consumers residing in Canada. It applies the Activities, Interests, and Opinions (AIO) model and the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and includes education level as a moderating variable to find differences in consumption between the country of origin and the host country. A total of 194 personal surveys were administered. The data were analyzed using structural equation modeling and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), suggesting that subjective norm predicts purchase intention, being positively related to Health and Optimism and Household Oriented and Industrious, and negatively related to Self-reliance and Leadership. A negative impact was found between the education level and the subjective norm, which was significant concerning the host country. The study also revealed that the subjective norm is positively related to Health and Optimism and negatively related to Self-reliance and Leadership, improving the model’s predictive accuracy when the educational level is involved. The findings demonstrate the usefulness of TPB and provide marketers with better identification of psychographic market segments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-46
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of International Consumer Marketing
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Acculturation/biculturalism
  • activities
  • and opinions
  • bicultural consumer
  • interests
  • purchase intention
  • theory of planned behavior

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