Life cycle assessment of European pilchard (Sardina pilchardus) consumption. A case study for Galicia (NW Spain)

Ian Vázquez-Rowe, Pedro Villanueva-Rey, Almudena Hospido, María Teresa Moreira, Gumersindo Feijoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


European pilchard or sardines (. Sardina pilchardus) are an attractive raw material to extract from Iberian waters, since they constitute a cheap source of protein and they are a popular product among consumers. This has led to a wide range of final products available for consumers to purchase based on this single raw material. Therefore, this study presents a cross-product environmental assessment using life cycle assessment of three different final products based on sardine landings: canned sardines, fresh sardines and European hake caught by using sardine as bait. In addition, the products were followed throughout their entire life cycle, considering different cooking methods for each final product. Results showed high variability in environmental impacts, not only between the three final products, but also when one single product was cooked in different ways, highlighting the importance that the consumption phase and other post-landing stages may have on the final environmental profile of seafood. Results are then analysed regarding relevant limitations and uncertainties, as well as in terms of the consumer and policy implications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-60
Number of pages13
JournalScience of the Total Environment
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Canning industry
  • Consumption patterns
  • Fisheries
  • Food systems
  • LCA
  • Seafood


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