Innovation in Micro Firms that Build Machine Tools: Effects of T-KIBS on Technological and Non-technological Innovations

Jean Pierre Seclen-Luna, Pablo Moya-Fernández, Jon Barrutia, Luca Ferrucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose-This study aims to evaluate the effects of KIBS on innovation outcomes in micro firms that build machine tools according to the categories of KIBS. Theoretical framework-This article not only contributes to the theory on the innovation process by reinforcing the arguments that micro firms can achieve innovations, but also to the idea that KIBS have a positive influence on technological and non-technological innovation in manufacturing firms. Design/methodology/ approach-To achieve the objective of the study, the Mann-Whitney U Test was used as the analysis technique. A survey was carried out to collect data from 40 micro firms that build machine tools located in the Basque Country (Spain) and Emilia-Romagna (Italy). Findings-The results suggest that KIBS have positive effects on innovations in manufacturing firms. However, there are differences according to the categories of KIBS. For instance, T-KIBS favour technological innovation, while P-KIBS and C-KIBS affect non-technological innovation. In addition, ICT services also have a positive relationship with non-technological innovation. We conclude by highlighting the importance of T-KIBS to confront the challenges of Industry 4.0 and the need for further research to determine the role of KIBS in the context of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Practical & social implications of the research-Micro firms need to enhance their absorptive capacity by increasing ICT and R&D investments, to confront the challenges of Industry 4.0, and given the fact that industry is beginning to incorporate more and more codified science-based knowledge. Perhaps hiring T-KIBS would be an appropriate decision for micro firms. Originality/value-This study contributes to the advancement of research involving different category of KIBS and their effects on manufacturing firms' innovation, especially in micro firms that build machine tools.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-158
Number of pages15
JournalRevista Brasileira de Gestao de Negocios
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Apr 2022

Keywords

  • KIBS
  • Machine tools
  • Micro firms
  • Non-technological innovation
  • Technological innovation

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