Determination of the complex refractive index and optical bandgap of CH3NH3PbI3 thin films

J. A. Guerra, A. Tejada, L. Korte, L. Kegelmann, J. A. Töfflinger, S. Albrecht, B. Rech, R. Weingärtner

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Abstract

We report the complex refractive index of methylammonium lead iodide (CH3NH3PbI3) perovskite thin films obtained by means of variable angle spectroscopic ellipsometry and transmittance/reflectance spectrophotometry in the wavelength range of 190 nm to 2500 nm. The film thickness and roughness layer thickness are determined by minimizing a global unbiased estimator in the region where the spectrophotometry and ellipsometry spectra overlap. We then determine the optical bandgap and Urbach energy from the absorption coefficient, by means of a fundamental absorption model based on band fluctuations in direct semiconductors. This model merges both the Urbach tail and the absorption edge regions in a single equation. In this way, we increase the fitting region and extend the conventional (αℏω)2-plot method to obtain accurate bandgap values.

Original languageEnglish
Article number173104
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume121
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 May 2017

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