Decolorization of hair dye by lignocellulosic waste materials from contaminated waters

Habib Zahir, Michelle Naidoo, Rada Mayya Kostadinova, Karla A. Ortiz, Rosario Sun-Kou, Abel E. Navarro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Basic yellow 57 (BY57) was chosen as a model hair dye due to its prevalence in cosmetics wastewaters. This study proposes the use of lignocellulosic materials like spent tea leaves of peppermint (PM), chai tea (CT), and chamomile (CM) as raw adsorbents for the removal of BY57 from contaminated solutions. Batch adsorption experiments were carried out at room temperature to achieve the maximum adsorption capacity. Results indicate that the highest removal is achieved at pH 6-8, with a minimum adsorbent mass of 75mg and in the absence of salinity, crowding agents and heavy metals. Adsorption equilibria were modeled according to the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm theories and reported the following trend: PM > CT > CM, reaching q max values of 105, 80, and 38mg of dye per gram of adsorbent, respectively. Desorption experiments showed that diluted solution of HCl is able to desorb up to 80% of the dye and recover the adsorbent to be used in consecutive cycles. Finally, the adsorbents were characterized by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), indicating that the adsorbents have a porous and heterogeneous surface, showing pockets and protrusions that are potential adsorption sites for the dye.

Original languageEnglish
Article number28
JournalFrontiers in Environmental Science
Volume2
Issue numberJUL
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Jul 2014

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Basic yellow 57
  • Desorption
  • Isotherm
  • Tea leaves
  • pH

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