Chitosan-triclosan particles modulate inflammatory signaling in gingival fibroblasts

L. Pavez, N. Tobar, C. Chacón, R. Arancibia, C. Martínez, Cristián Tapia, Ana Pastor, M. González, J. Martínez, P. C. Smith

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Abstract

Background and Objectives: An important goal of periodontal therapy is the modulation of the inflammatory response. To this end, several pharmacological agents have been evaluated. Triclosan corresponds to an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory agent currently used in periodontal therapy. Chitosan is a natural polymer that may act as a drug delivery agent and exerts antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities. Therefore, an association between both molecules might be useful to prevent inflammation and tissue destruction in periodontal tissues. Material and Methods: In the present study, we have generated chitosan-triclosan particles and evaluated their morphology, charge, biocompatibility and gene expression analysis in human gingival fibroblasts. Results: The chitosan-triclosan particles size and Z potential were 129 ± 47 nm and 51 ± 17 mV respectively. Human gingival fibroblast viability was not affected by chitosan-triclosan. A total of 1533 genes were upregulated by interleukin (IL)-1β. On the other hand, 943 were downregulated in fibroblasts stimulated with IL-1β plus chitosan-triclosan particles. Fifty-one genes were identified as molecular targets upregulated by IL-1 β and downregulated by the chitosan-triclosan particles. The gene ontology analysis revealed that these genes were enriched in categories related to biological processes, molecular function and cellular components. Furthermore, using real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction beta-actin, fibronectin, interleukin-6 and IL-1b genes were confirmed as targets upregulated by IL-1β and downregulated by chitosan-triclosan particles. Conclusion: Our results show that chitosan-triclosan particles are able to modulate the inflammatory response in gingival fibroblasts. This effect might be useful in the prevention and/or treatment of inflammation in periodontal diseases.
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)232-239
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Periodontal Research
Volume53
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes

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