Characterization of porous calcium hexaluminate ceramics produced from calcined alumina and microspheres of Vaterite (μ-CaCO3)

Ligia M.M. Costa, José Sakihama, R. Salomão

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

The evolution in the microstructure of porous calcium hexaluminate (CaAl12O19 or CA6) formed in situ is significantly affected by the characteristics of precursor raw materials. In this study, microspheres of Vaterite (μ-CaCO3) of different average sizes (5, 7 and 15 μm) were mixed with fine α-Al2O3 and sintered. During heating (590–753 °C), the Vaterite particles collapsed and produced spherical pores surrounded by regions of high CaO concentration. Different quantities of low-density-and-melting-point calcium aluminates (C12A7, CA and CA2) were formed above 1100 °C. Small portions of a liquid phase were observed for samples containing thin Vaterite particles, which resulted in a denser structure comprised of CA6. The samples prepared with coarse Vaterite significantly expanded and the asymmetric shape of the CA6 crystals prevented densification and generated highly porous structures. Therefore, the tailoring of Vaterite particles’ characteristics enables the design of physical properties of CA6 porous structures according to the application aimed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5208-5218
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Volume38
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Calcium carbonate
  • Calcium hexaluminate
  • Porous ceramics
  • Thermal insulation
  • Vaterite

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