Automatic area classification in peripheral blood smears

Wei Xiong, Sim Heng Ong, Joo Hwee Lim, Kelvin Weng Chiong Foong, Jiang Liu, Daniel Racoceanu, Alvin G.L. Chong, Kevin S.W. Tan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Cell enumeration and diagnosis using peripheral blood smears are routine tasks in many biological and pathological examinations. Not every area in the smear is appropriate for such tasks due to severe cell clumping or sparsity. Manual working-area selection is slow, subjective, inconsistent, and statistically biased. Automatic working-area classification can reproducibly identify appropriate working smear areas. However, very little research has been reported in the literature. With the aim of providing a preprocessing step for further detailed cell enumeration and diagnosis for high-throughput screening (HTS), we propose an integrated algorithm for area classification and quantify both cell spreading and cell clumping in terms of individual clumps and the occurrence probabilities of the group of clumps over the image. Comprehensive comparisons are presented to compare the effect of these quantifications and their combinations. Our experiments using images of Giemsa-stained blood smears show that the method is efficient, accurate (above 88.9% hit rates for all areas in the validation set of 140 images), and robust (above 78.1% hit rates for a test set of 4878 images). This lays a good foundation for fast working-area selection in HTS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5422754
Pages (from-to)1982-1990
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Classification
  • clumping
  • high-throughput screening (HTS)
  • peripheral blood smear
  • working area


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